1. Japanese, Yugoslavian, and Canadian flags hanging in Berlin during the 1936 Olympics. (They’re in alphabetical order in German.)

     
  2. tenthousandtangles:

    ZIA 20
    A tangled flag…

     
  3. welcometoagirlslife:

    ^Great description of the Canadian flag. Eh?

    Happy Canada Day.

    (Source: itsthedarkersideofthemoon)

     
  4. Canada, 1904 proposal

    I first saw this 110-year-old flag on a vintage postcard with the bewildering caption “Canadian Union Jack. Drapeau National Canadien. Registered in the Department of Agriculture, 1st October 1904.” I mean, where to begin, right? Who designed this thing? What’s with the all these weird pseudo-Masonic symbols? What is HLDP? And why of all things was it registered with the Department of Agriculture?

    That last question turned out to be simple. The Deparment of Agriculture used to have a very broad portfolio which included among other things, Immigration, Healthcare, the Census, and Copyrights, Trademarks and Patents. But the rest was a mystery, and the only thing online was speculation about the symbolism. But searching for HLDP eventually led me to a 1908 book called Canada et Canadiens by Adrien Loir. On page 346, in his chapter about Flags, he gives the following explanation, which I have clumsily translated from French:

    A French Canadian named Léger, living in Ottawa, deposited a modified Tricolore with the government. Last year I attended a conference at a political club where this flag was presented by its inventor. Here is how it’s described in the official document deposted with the Trademark Office.

    This Canadian national flag consists of three colors: blue, white and red.

    Canadians say they haven’t chosen this flag because of its French colors, but rather because they are the symbols of their aspirations. They explain further in the official document recorded in Department of Agriculture, Ottawa, 1 October 1904:

    "The blue part is placed nearest the flagpole. Blue, a natural color — The sky, the sea.

    "The white part is placed in the center. — Spotless, Noble, Loyal, A subject nation. — This is the color of purity.

    "The red part is placed at the flying end of the flag. Challenge injustice. Protect our rights. It is the color of defiance, of protection. The eye of God is placed on it, leading us along righteous paths to a glorious destiny for our country.

    "The crosses of Saint George, Saint Andrew, Saint Patrick. The most promient badge on the British flag, commemorating the union of Ireland and Scotland with England, is borrowed in order to perpetuate in our country the acquired freedoms that we enjoy in common.

    "The Tree of Confederation. — The Maple emblem of Canada. The stump and the two main leaves represent the two Canadas. The upper leaves each represent one Province.

    "The globe is divided into six parts, each colour representing one nationality.

    "The beaver — Industry.

    "The two hands. — Brotherhood. We are Canadiens. 

    "The four letters: H. L. D. P. — Honneur, Liberté, Défense, Patrie. [Honour, Liberty, Defense, Country]"

    The illustration on the postcard was done in 1909 and doesn’t quite match the original description. The tree for example has one big leaf for Confederation instead of two for English and French Canada, as well as leaves for Alberta and Saskatchewan, which weren’t yet provinces in 1905. And the globe the tree is growing out of is split into four sections instead six.

    With all that complicated symbolism, this is the type of flag proposal that you would expect to have been ignored and forgotten. But amazingly the damn thing was actually manufactured. There are photos of two surviving examples on the Flags of the World site, one of which is missing the eye of God. That suggests that quite a few of them were made.

    (designer: M. Léger)

     
  5. Halifax, since 1999

    April 12 is Halifax Day, although weirdly enough in North Carolina and not in Halifax. The four arrows represent the four former municipalities that were merged into the Halifax Regional Municipality in 1996.

     
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  7. Not quite flag related, but this is a great article on the excellent work done by the Canadian Heraldic Authority.

     
  8. Cape Breton Island

    This is one of several unofficial flags, but it’s the most common one you’ll find on the island. 

     
  9. Canada, since 1965

    John Ross Matheson died this past December at the age of 96. He’s often been called the father of the Canadian Flag, and with good reason. He was the one that massaged George Stanley’s flag proposal into its current form, enlarging the centre stripe and adding an evelen-pointed maple leaf drawn by Jacques St-Cyr. He was also responsible for underhandedly shepherding the flag through Parliament’s selection committee. His hard work paid off when the flag was proclaimed on 28 January 1965.

    Alistair B. Fraser recounted the full story in his excellent free ebook on the Flags of Canada, and it’s well worth a read if you’ve got the time.

    (designers: George Stanley, John Ross Matheson, Jacques St-Cyr)

     
  10. ottawadailypics:

    Anthem time before the @Senators and @FlaPanthers game at the Canadian Tire Centre @CdnTireCtr

     
  11. Hamilton, since 2003

    A “Canadian pale” is a flag with three vertical stripes, the centre one being one half the total width of the flag. Ideally the flag should have a 1:2 ratio so the centre stripe can be a square. As the name would suggest it’s a popular design in Canada, first used on the national flag. (A pale, by the way, is the heraldic name for a vertical stripe.)

    Hamilton got its Canadian pale after amalgamating with the five other municipalities in Hamilton-Wentworth. It’s a bit unique in that the central stripe is a darker colour rather than a lighter one. The cinquefoil in the centre is the symbol of Clan Hamilton and the circular chain with six large links represents the six former cities and towns.

    (designer: Ralph Spence)

     
  12. Anglican Church of Canada, 1955 (proposed, top); since 1955 (bottom)

    If you’re going to make a flag for the Anglican Church of Canada, it pretty much has to be a combination of the English flag and a maple leaf. The question is, how exactly do you combine them? The sub-committee charged with designing the flag wanted a single gold maple leaf in the centre of the cross. When the General Synod approved the flag later that year it put maple leaves in the four corners instead, and made them green to indicate that their church was “youthful and vigorous”.

     
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  15. scavenger-mind:

    Normandy 2013