malaysian state flag map.
Federal Territory, since 2006
February 1 is Federal Territory Day in Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur, Putrajaya, and Labuan have all had their own flags for a while, but a single flag was adopted for the Federal Territory as a whole in 2006.
The yellow stripe represents respect, sovereignty and honour; the red stripe represents strength; and the blue stripe represents unity, sincerity and harmony. The association of yellow with sovereignty is common in Southeast Asia, and can be seen on the flag of Brunei and the Presidential standard of Indonesia. The three suns beneath the Malaysian coat of arms represent the three parts of the territory.
The Malaysian state of Terengganu is divided into seven districts, each of which has a plain-coloured flag with the state flag in the canton. Because that state flag is black and white, the district flags look nice no matter what colour goes into the Canton. Setiu’s flag is brown, which works particularly well.
September 16 is Malaysia Day, the date when Singapore, Sabah, and Sarawak united with the Federation of Malaya to form the new state of Malaysia. Malaya’s flag was very similar to the current flag of Malaysia, except it had eleven stripes and an eleven-pointed star, representing the 11 states of the federation.
The fourteenth point and stripe on the current flag were retained even after Singapore became an independent country in 1965. They’re now said to represent the Federal Territories.
The 13.5 km long Penang Bridge was officially opened to traffic on 14 September 1985. The island’s tricolour was adopted as a state flag (alongside a blue state ensign) back when the island was still a British colony. The ensign fell out of use when the Federation of Malaya gained its independence in 1957.
Federated Malay States (1905-1946), Malaya (1946-1950)
The Federated Malay States was a union of Selangor, Perak, Negeri Sembilan, and Pahang. Its four stripes were derived from the colours of the four states’ flags. When the rest of British Malaya was united under a single government in 1946, the flag of the Federated Malay States became the flag of the entire peninsula. In 1950, the government of the Federation of Malaya held a contest to design a new flag, and the result was a precusor of the modern Malaysian flag.
Sabah’s current flag uniquely features three different shades of blue all next to each other.