Prime Minister of Portugal, since 1972
High government officials are allowed to fly their own flags, with the Prime Minister’s one being the most ornate. Regular cabinet ministers fly the same flag minus the red border, and the President flies a flag with a plain green background.
A few years after the Portuguese royal family fled to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil was elevated to the rank of kingdom within a United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarves. The Kingdom of Brazil had its own flag, a gold armillary sphere on a blue field. That same armillary sphere was added to the new union flag.
Portuguese India (proposed, 1965)
19 December is celebrated as Liberation Day in Goa. It was on that day in 1961 that India invaded and annexed the last Portuguese outposts in India.
So why, if Goa became a part of India in 1961, was there a flag proposal for Portuguese India four years later? Because the Estado Novo regime refused to recognize the Indian takeover. When F. P. de Almeida Langhans proposed flags for the Portuguese “overseas provinces”, the Estado da Índia was still claimed among them. It wasn’t until after the Carnation Revolution that Portugal released its claim to Goa and agreed to decolonize the rest of its empire.
October 5 is Republic Day in Portugal, the anniversary of the abolition of the monarchy and the proclamation of the First Republic. Before the republican period, the colours of the Portuguese flag were not green and red but blue and white, based on the coat of arms of the House of Burgundy. The ensign of the period had it colours shifted towards the hoist the same as the modern flag.
Guinea-Bissau unilaterally declared independence from Portugal on 24 September 1973. The Portuguese colonies were some of the last countries in Africa to gain their independence, thanks mainly to the intransigence of the authoritarian Estado Novo regime. The national flag of Guinea-Bissau was based on the flag of the PAIGC, which also formed the basis for the former flag of Cape Verde.
Love that this guy has all these flags together like that.