1. President of Zambia

    Orange is hardly a common flag colour, but Zambia’s never been one for traditional colour schemes. The African Fish Eagle in the crest is the same as the one on the national flag. Before independence it was on the shield in a blue compartment, grasping a dead fish.

    There’s a decent photo of the flag in flight here.

     
  2. Zambia, since 1964 (top); Northern Rhodesia, 1939-1953, 1964 (bottom)

    Happy Independence Day, Zambia! The Zambian flag often strikes people as weird because of how everything is shifted off to the right. But when you compare it with the old colonial flag you can kind of see where that arrangement came from. Take out the Union Jack, switch some colours around, and turn the wavy lines into vertical stripes, and you’ve basically got the Zambian flag.

    Oh, and I guess you also have to get rid of the dead fish.

    (designer: Gabriel Ellison [Zambia])

     
  3. Barotseland (Unofficial, ?-Present)

    Barotseland is a region of Zambia, covering most of the country’s western “lobe”. It appears to be populated entirely by scuba divers.

     
  4. United National Independence Party (?-Present)

    Zambia's unusual flag was based on the party flag of UNIP. The vertical stripes on the independence movement’s flag stretched all the way to the top, and the rightmost stripe was yellow instead of orange.

     
  5. Rhodesia and Nyasaland (1953-1963)

    The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland (also known as the Central African Federation) was a British colonial entity consisting of Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia), Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), and Nyasaland (now Malawi). It was intended to become an independent dominion within the Commonwealth, but Nyasaland and Northern Rhodesia opted to secede, becoming independent states with majority rule shortly thereafter.

    Of the three symbols featured on the coat of arms, only the sun (representing Nyasaland) is still in use on a flag. Initially described as a setting sun, it was changed to a rising sun when Malawi became independent in 1964, and since 2010 it has been a fully risen sun.

    You can see a photo of a real flag of the federation here.