Swaziland, since 1967
Swaziland’s flag is said to be based on one presented to the Swazi Pioneer Corps in 1941, but sadly I’ve never been able to find a picture of the original one.

Swaziland, since 1967

Swaziland’s flag is said to be based on one presented to the Swazi Pioneer Corps in 1941, but sadly I’ve never been able to find a picture of the original one.

Romania, 1948
While not the most tractor-loving nation in the world (that honour would have to go to Belarus), Romania is the only country to ever actually put a tractor on its flag. It was replaced by a nature scene a couple of months later.

Romania, 1948

While not the most tractor-loving nation in the world (that honour would have to go to Belarus), Romania is the only country to ever actually put a tractor on its flag. It was replaced by a nature scene a couple of months later.

Philippines (proposed), 1995
Former president Fidel V. Ramos wanted to incorporated a crescent moon into the flag of the Philippines. This is actually a pretty elegant solution, but I still like the classic version better.
(designer: Fidel V. Ramos)

Philippines (proposed), 1995

Former president Fidel V. Ramos wanted to incorporated a crescent moon into the flag of the Philippines. This is actually a pretty elegant solution, but I still like the classic version better.

(designer: Fidel V. Ramos)

Donetsk Republic (proposed), since the 1990s
This is the other flag that’s been flying around Donetsk lately, and it too predates the current crisis. The colours are clearly based on the Russian model, but they’re given different meanings. Black for coal, blue for the Sea of Azov, and red for the memory of the 1918 Donetsk-Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic.
Wikipedia identifies a plain version of this tricolour as the flag of the that short-lived state, but as far as I know the flag was invented in the 90s. I can’t find any evidence of this flag being used as far back as 1918. And when you think about it, it wouldn’t really make sense. Why would a Soviet Republic use a flag based on the old Russian tricolour instead of a red flag? Why would the red stripe represent Donetsk-Krivoy Rog if the entire flag was based on that old republic’s flag?
Weirdly, the emblem on the shield in the centre of the flag is the Archangel Michael, which is most famously the emblem of Kiev. It’s weird how all the separatist flags have Ukrainian symbols embedded within them.

Donetsk Republic (proposed), since the 1990s

This is the other flag that’s been flying around Donetsk lately, and it too predates the current crisis. The colours are clearly based on the Russian model, but they’re given different meanings. Black for coal, blue for the Sea of Azov, and red for the memory of the 1918 Donetsk-Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic.

Wikipedia identifies a plain version of this tricolour as the flag of the that short-lived state, but as far as I know the flag was invented in the 90s. I can’t find any evidence of this flag being used as far back as 1918. And when you think about it, it wouldn’t really make sense. Why would a Soviet Republic use a flag based on the old Russian tricolour instead of a red flag? Why would the red stripe represent Donetsk-Krivoy Rog if the entire flag was based on that old republic’s flag?

Weirdly, the emblem on the shield in the centre of the flag is the Archangel Michael, which is most famously the emblem of Kiev. It’s weird how all the separatist flags have Ukrainian symbols embedded within them.

Ilinden, since 1996
For some reason a bunch of Macedonian municipalities have vertical flags. The shape at the bottom of Ilinden’s flag is the letter И, which is the municipality’s initial in the Cyrillic alphabet

Ilinden, since 1996

For some reason a bunch of Macedonian municipalities have vertical flags. The shape at the bottom of Ilinden’s flag is the letter И, which is the municipality’s initial in the Cyrillic alphabet

Lithuania (naval jack), 1927-40
There was a set of pre-war naval flags that weren’t readopted when Lithuania regained its independence in 1991. They all featured the double cross from the Lithuanian coat of arms. The state and naval ensigns had the national tricolour with a white cross on a red shield. This naval jack was a lot more distinct.

Lithuania (naval jack), 1927-40

There was a set of pre-war naval flags that weren’t readopted when Lithuania regained its independence in 1991. They all featured the double cross from the Lithuanian coat of arms. The state and naval ensigns had the national tricolour with a white cross on a red shield. This naval jack was a lot more distinct.

Brunei, since 1959
I’ve always thought the hands on this flag kind of look like they’re shrugging. Like “I dunno, have a parasol I guess.”
Brunei is one of only two countries in the world to have a yellow background on their flag. (The other one is Niue.)

Brunei, since 1959

I’ve always thought the hands on this flag kind of look like they’re shrugging. Like “I dunno, have a parasol I guess.”

Brunei is one of only two countries in the world to have a yellow background on their flag. (The other one is Niue.)

Venezuela, 1905-1930
The arc of stars in the middle of Venezuela’s flag used to be arranged in a much less attractive ring. Before that it was an even less attractive clump. I imagine if you go back far enough you’d just find them in a big old heap.

Venezuela, 1905-1930

The arc of stars in the middle of Venezuela’s flag used to be arranged in a much less attractive ring. Before that it was an even less attractive clump. I imagine if you go back far enough you’d just find them in a big old heap.

Georgia, 1990-2004
I always thought Georgia’s old flag was better than its current one. The colour scheme and the composition were so unique, even though it was such a simple flag. The flag was based on the one used by Georgia from 1918 to 1921, which was basically the same except for its wider ratio.
(designer: Iakob Nikoladze)

Georgia, 1990-2004

I always thought Georgia’s old flag was better than its current one. The colour scheme and the composition were so unique, even though it was such a simple flag. The flag was based on the one used by Georgia from 1918 to 1921, which was basically the same except for its wider ratio.

(designer: Iakob Nikoladze)

Romani people, since 1971
April 8 is International Romani Day. The Romani flag is blue and green, symbolizing the heavens and the earth. The red chakra wheel represents their history of travel, and may also be a nod to their Indian origins.

Romani people, since 1971

April 8 is International Romani Day. The Romani flag is blue and green, symbolizing the heavens and the earth. The red chakra wheel represents their history of travel, and may also be a nod to their Indian origins.

Sabah, 1963-1981
In the 1981 state election, the United Sabah National Organization was utterly crushed. They had already been in opposition since 1976, but this time they were reduced to a mere three seats out of 48. (The winning party had 44.) The new government stripped the state flag of USNO colours, replacing it with one that looked a lot like the Czechoslovakian flag. In 1988 the old pattern was restored, but the yellow stripe was removed and the green and brown colours were replaced with a second and third shade of blue.

Sabah, 1963-1981

In the 1981 state election, the United Sabah National Organization was utterly crushed. They had already been in opposition since 1976, but this time they were reduced to a mere three seats out of 48. (The winning party had 44.) The new government stripped the state flag of USNO colours, replacing it with one that looked a lot like the Czechoslovakian flag. In 1988 the old pattern was restored, but the yellow stripe was removed and the green and brown colours were replaced with a second and third shade of blue.

East Indonesia, 1946-1950
After World War II, the Dutch established several Indonesian puppet states in a last ditch attempt to keep a hold on their former colony. By the end of 1948 there were six: East Sumatra, South Sumatra, Madura, Pasundan, East Java, and East Indonesia.
The five western states all had simple tricolour and bicolour flags with various combinations of green, white, and gold. East Indonesia was a bit of an exception. Its flag was the only one to actually include the national colours of red over white, although here too they were tempered by green and gold.
On 27 December 1949, the Dutch-backed states and the much larger Republic of Indonesia were united (along with various other territories and autonomous areas) under the aegis of the Republic of the United States of Indonesia. Over the next eight months, the states were dissolved into the Republic of Indonesia, which once again declared independence from the Netherlands on 17 August 1950.

East Indonesia, 1946-1950

After World War II, the Dutch established several Indonesian puppet states in a last ditch attempt to keep a hold on their former colony. By the end of 1948 there were six: East Sumatra, South Sumatra, Madura, Pasundan, East Java, and East Indonesia.

The five western states all had simple tricolour and bicolour flags with various combinations of green, white, and gold. East Indonesia was a bit of an exception. Its flag was the only one to actually include the national colours of red over white, although here too they were tempered by green and gold.

On 27 December 1949, the Dutch-backed states and the much larger Republic of Indonesia were united (along with various other territories and autonomous areas) under the aegis of the Republic of the United States of Indonesia. Over the next eight months, the states were dissolved into the Republic of Indonesia, which once again declared independence from the Netherlands on 17 August 1950.

Burma, 1939-1941, 1945-1948
Even though Burma didn’t become a separate colony until 1937, and didn’t officially get a badge until 1939, the peacock on a gold field had been used as an informal coat of arms since 1915. The design was based off old silver coins minted by the Konbaung Dynasty.

Burma, 1939-1941, 1945-1948

Even though Burma didn’t become a separate colony until 1937, and didn’t officially get a badge until 1939, the peacock on a gold field had been used as an informal coat of arms since 1915. The design was based off old silver coins minted by the Konbaung Dynasty.

Peru-Bolivian Confederation, 1836-1839
There were actually two Perus in the Peru-Bolivian Confederation. The Republic of South Peru got an entirely new flag and coat of arms when it declared independence in 1836, but North Peru kept the old Peruvian state symbols. The coats of arms of the three constituent states were put together onto this kind of cluttered national flag.

Peru-Bolivian Confederation, 1836-1839

There were actually two Perus in the Peru-Bolivian Confederation. The Republic of South Peru got an entirely new flag and coat of arms when it declared independence in 1836, but North Peru kept the old Peruvian state symbols. The coats of arms of the three constituent states were put together onto this kind of cluttered national flag.

Union State of Russia and Belarus (proposed)
The more or less moribund union between Russia and Belarus was established on 7 April 1997. The treaty called for the adoption of state symbols, but they were supposed to be chosen by the Union Parliament, which never came into existence. This was one of two proposals for the flag, and both were very obviously Soviet-inspired. (The other one had solid yellow stars arranged horizontally.)
(designer: H. Hakobyan)

Union State of Russia and Belarus (proposed)

The more or less moribund union between Russia and Belarus was established on 7 April 1997. The treaty called for the adoption of state symbols, but they were supposed to be chosen by the Union Parliament, which never came into existence. This was one of two proposals for the flag, and both were very obviously Soviet-inspired. (The other one had solid yellow stars arranged horizontally.)

(designer: H. Hakobyan)