Before Tanzania there was Tanganyika and Zanzibar. The former’s flag was based on the green-black-green tricolour of the Tanganyika African National Union. Green stood for the land, black for the people, and gold for the country’s national wealth.
When Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged in 1964, they combined their flags. The blue stripe from the Zanzibar flag was added to the bottom of the Tanganyika flag, and then the entire thing was rotated so that the stripes went diagonally.
County Durham, since 2013
The wave of local flag design continues to spread across England. The county to adopt a flag is County Durham. It’s new flag, a counterchanged St Cuthbert’s Cross on a blue and yellow background, was unfurled at Durham Cathedral on 21 November. And unlike some other named crosses, this cross is literally the cross of St. Cuthbert. As in they found it in his coffin.
(designers: Holly Moffat, Katie Moffat)
United Kingdom (proposed), 2013
This one comes from a BBC News article about the fate of the British flag if Scotland secedes. (Short answer: probably nothing.) It doesn’t seem to be a proposal for a post-Scotland UK though. Rather it combines the crosses of St. George, St. Andrew, St. David, and St. Patrick into a crazy new pinwheel design. Kind of like a modern reinterpretation of the process that created the current Union Jack. I can’t imagine it would ever become a national flag, but wouldn’t it be rad if it did?
(designer: John Yates)
Colunga, since 2012
Nothing to say about this flag except that I like it. Spanish municipalities killing it lately on the vexillology front.
The coat of arms of Leipzig combines the arms of two of its medieval rulers, the Margrave of Meissen on the left and the Margrave of Landsberg on the right. The three largest cities in Saxony all have variations on this design. Dresden’s used to be identical, but at some point the blue bars were changed to black. Chemnitz has the lion on the right instead of the left.
Pittsburgh and Philly have some of the oldest city flags in America, and both of them also have designated ensigns for use by riverboats. The Philadelphia version has the city’s full coat of arms, while the Pittsburgh version just has the castle from the crest.
Pittsburgh’s flag is clearly a copy of Philadelphia’s template, but it’s interesting that no other American cities saw the need to have an ensign. I guess it’s a Pennsylvania thing.
(designer: Henry Christopher McCook [Philadelphia])
Ambrym, c. 1983
In 1994, Vanuatu’s 11 island councils merged into six new provinces. One of the old councils had been for Ambrym, a volcanic island in the centre of the country. The council flag had three plumes of smoke in the colours of the national flag. In the lower left corner was a boar’s tusk, a popular symbol on Vanuatu. Tusks were traditionally worn as pendants throughout the islands, and can be found on the national flag, the coat of arms, and several other provincial flags. Here they symbolized the unity of the island. The three stars above stood for the three local districts.
Uva, since 1987
Sri Lanka has some of the coolest flags. Uva’s is apparently based on one that was granted to the province in the early nineteenth century, during the reign of Sri Vikrama Rajasinha. The bird on there is a swan.
Asturias (ceremonial flag), since 1990
There are actually three different official flags of Asturias, all of which feature the Victory Cross carried by Pelagius in the battle of Battle of Covadonga. On the ceremonial flag, the cross includes all of the ornate decorations and jewels that it has in real life. On the flag for everyday use the cross is plain gold. And on the flag for indoor use, the plain gold flag is centred. Some Asturian nationalists have started to use an even simpler flag, with a plain golden cross covering the entire blue field. Like the flag of Sweden but centred.
Kraków (banner), since 2002
Since 1815, Krakow’s city flag has been a simple white-over-blue horizontal bicolour. But in 2002 a new flag called a banner (chorągiew) was created. It seems to be specially for use by the city government.
President of Georgia, since 2008 (or 2005?)
The Georgian Orthodox Chruch celebrates 23 November as St George’s Day. (That guy sure has a lot of different days.) Georgia’s Presidential Standard has a double dose of St George, with an image of him slaying a dragon laid overtop of the red St George’s Cross from the national flag.
It’s not exactly clear when this flag was adopted. Mikheil Saakashvili was reported as having at least two other flags during his presidency, one of which weirdly had the coat of arms of Georgia’s old royal dynasty on it. You can see pictures of them both at this link. (Scroll down.) The evidence around these flags is kind of murky, and we don’t really know when any of them were adopted or abandoned. It’s possible that all three were even in use at the same time.
Kukurečani, until 2003
The emblem of the former municipality of Kukurečani was a sun with wheat sheaves for rays. A fitting symbol for a Macedonian farming town.
President of the Republic of Korea, since 1967
The Presidential standard of South Korea has two phoenixes over a hibiscus flower. The hibiscus is South Korea’s floral emblem, and its use as a national symbol has been recorded as far back to the 1598 Battle of Noryang.
Sergipe, 1920-1937, since 1952
The flag of Sergipe is one of three Brazilian state flags base on the short-lived provisional flag of the Republic used from 15 November to 19 November 1889 (the other two being Piauí and Goiás). The first proposal had four stars and four stripes, representing four major estuaries in the state. A fifth star was added for a fifth estuary in 1920 but the number of stripes remained the same. Kind of like the estuary version of the American flag.
(designer: José Rodrigues Bastos Coelho)